By Raffaele D'Amato
Carthage grew to become Rome's maximum and such a lot mythical enemy less than the generalship of Hannibal in battles like Cannae. in the course of the Punic Wars, Carthage's elite mercenary-professional military used to be eventually defeated by means of Roman persistence and Scipio's genius.
Carthage, the port-city in Tunisia first settled through Phoenicians from Tyre, grew to increase a aggressive maritime buying and selling empire everywhere in the Western Mediterranean and past, more and more defended by means of the simplest military of the interval. within the sixth century BC this got here into disagreement with Greek colonists in Sicily, beginning significant wars that lasted in the course of the fifth and 4th centuries, and concerned a lot interplay with various Greek forces. throughout the third century Carthage first clashed with Roman armies, and during 3 wars that raged over Spain, Sicily and Italy the Romans suffered the best defeats of their early heritage (e.g. Lake Trasimene and Cannae, 217 and 216 BC) by the hands of Hamilcar, Hannibal and Hasdrubal Barca, best multinational armies of North Africans and Europeans.
It was once 202 BC ahead of Hannibal used to be decisively defeated by way of Scipio Africanus at Zama, and 146 BC sooner than Carthage itself was once ultimately captured and destroyed. The victors attempted to wipe the reminiscence of Carthage out of the ancient checklist, and whereas Hannibal himself has attracted involved research, little paintings has been performed on attempting to clarify the nature and reconstruct the looks of Carthaginian armies. The authors of this research current a cautious synthesis of all to be had literary, archaeological and iconographic proof, within the newest try and accomplish that. Their findings are dramatized in a portfolio of special and lively colour plates by way of Giuseppe Rava.